Hello dear, today we will get information about the objects and how that object is. Whether he is alive or dead, he will get information about it today. We will also learn about the conditions merits and demerits of things and what criteria do we use to decide whether something is alive or what criteria do we use to decide whether something is alive class 10. We will use its parameters to test things. We will read about what things are made of, how many types of things there are etc.
What Is the Object?
We also call any object an object. The good is made only for human consumption. Commodities are consumer goods that are useful to people. There are many types of things that are rare for humans. Apart from this, there are some things which are available around us for free. Like air, oxygen, it is something that we get for free and we do not have to spend any kind of money to get it.
Types of Objects
If you do not know about the types of objects then let us know about the types of objects in very easy language.
- Material and immaterial things.
- Universal and economic goods.
- Durable and perishable goods.
- Personal and public goods.
- Consumption and productive goods.
- Transparent and opaque objects.
1. Physical Object
Material goods are those things that are made by humans. For example, manufacturing machines, transportation, tables, electronic items, etc., all these are made by humans.
Intangible things are things that we have already inherited. These are not made by humans, they are natural. Non-physical objects are intangible. It has no measurement, general shape or color, etc. Intangible things are a learning process. It is socially transmitted from one generation to another. Like thoughts, language, behavior, etc.
2. Economic Goods
Economic goods are those goods that are valuable and made by humans and require more time and money to make them. It is created by the increase in human knowledge and economic goods for which money has to be paid for consumption, like wheat, rice, clothes, furniture, electronic items, etc.
A universal good is something that is free. To make it we neither need money nor hard work, we get it for free. Like water, air, etc. and we do not have to give anything free in return for its use. Therefore, free goods are also manufactured by the government. Like free education from 1 to 14 in government schools, free food in government schools, treatment in government hospitals, medical services, etc. But someone has to bear the cost of manufacturing these things. Therefore it is also called economic goods.
3. Durable Goods
Durable goods are those things that do not get exhausted even after using them several times. We can use this thing for ourselves many times. Examples are vehicles, books, household goods, electronic farm equipment, etc.
Perishable Goods/nondurable Goods
Non-durable goods are those things which once we use them, they get destroyed and we cannot use them again. Examples are food, beverages, clothing, shoes, and gasoline.
4. Personal Items
Personal effects are items that are personal belongings that usually belong to a person. It is not for all people. Nor is it public. Can be done with business or school life.
Public goods are those goods that are produced by all people. Everyone, rich or poor, can use it. Public goods are provided by the government for free use by the general public. Examples: Law enforcement, national defense, and law and order.
5. Consumer Goods
Consumption goods are those goods which are directly related to the consumer. Consumption goods are mostly consumed utility goods and services. Like eating food, clothes, wearing etc. For example, bread, milk, clothes, etc.
Producers are goods and things that indirectly satisfy consumer needs. Examples are food beverages, clothing shoes, and gasoline.
6. Transparent Objects
Transparent objects are those objects which we can see very easily. That is, to see through an object, for example, we can see through air. It has no color or shape. Water Diamond Clear Glass and Lens.
The objects that are not visible are arranged in such a way that we will not be able to see through any object. Those things are displayed things. For example, light stone, thick cardboard, wall, clay, wood, brick, etc. Not can light pass through matter.
Characteristics or States of Objects
The states of any object are in the same way as solid liquid gas.
1. State of Solid Objects
Solid objects are objects that have a definite shape. The state in which there is a strong intermolecular force of attraction between the constituent particles and the value of thermal energy is minimum. It is called a solid state.
Properties of Solid State
We understand the properties of the solid-state better in the following points.
- Their shape and volume are fixed.
- Their melting and boiling points are certain.
- Examples of solid objects such as furniture, iron, stone, etc.
2. State of Liquid Objects
Matter is a state and phase that has a definite shape but no definite shape. These are generally liquid-like. It takes the shape of the vessel in which it is kept. At this stage, excessive pressure cannot be applied. Examples of liquid states are water, oil, milk, mercury, blood, urine, alcohol, minerals, etc.
Gas phase is those states which have neither shape nor definite volume, they take the shape of the vessel in which they are kept. Example air, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, chlorine, etc.
Is the Object Living or Nonliving?
Whether any object is alive or inanimate is the criteria for every object. All living things are alive. Its appearance and shape are similar in terms of color and may also be different. We see that animals move, speak, breathe, eat, excrete, and reproduce and plants do not speak. Even if they do not run, they are still alive like animals.
And where an object does not breathe, it is definitely kept in a place where there is no external pressure on it. It is called a non-living thing. If any object has movement, it is called a living being.
What Criteria Do We Use to Decide Whether Something Is Alive?
We can use this criterion to identify what criteria do we use to decide whether something is alive. Whether life exists inside any living being or not, whereas we identify life on the basis of some strange, distinctive, and fundamental characteristics. We see some important characteristics inside the living beings themselves. Like the presence of life in them, the need for nutrition, respiration, activity, birth, growth, etc.
All living things are identified and on the contrary, where life is not visible, after using the criteria, we can call that state non-living. Life does not exist within these objects and they are not able to perform any kind of process. Examples: stone, water, air, gas, etc.
Today we read about objects, and what criteria do we use to decide whether something is alive, and what criteria do we use to decide whether something is alive? from this, we gain knowledge about what things are like. Read about the types and their hum. Which objects are alive and which are inanimate? Today we have knowledge about all the states of objects in this article.